Basic Knowledge Of Wheelchair


Wheelchair is one of the most common and common assistive devices used by the disabled, and it is an assisted transfer tool. For patients who use wheelchairs for a long time, due to the combined effect of physical factors such as the pressure and friction generated by the bones of the body and the wheelchair, and the body is under a long-term compressive force in a certain position, an inappropriate wheelchair can easily cause pressure sore. Occupational therapists are familiar with and have knowledge of wheelchairs, and can provide more professional wheelchair services for disabled people and help them obtain more suitable wheelchairs.

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Suitable seat depth of wheelchair:

After the patient is in a wheelchair, the front edge of the wheelcahir cushion is approximately 6.5 cm from the popliteal fossa.

Suitable wheelchair armrest height:

Proper armrest height helps to maintain correct body posture and balance. With both arms retracted, the forearm lies flat on the armrest when sitting, and it is normal for the elbow to flex 90°.

Wheelchair height:

Under normal circumstances, when the patient is sitting in a wheelchair with both lower limbs placed on the foot pedal, the distance from the heel to the popliteal fossa plus 4cm is the height that the wheelchair should have.

Wheelchair suitable back:

The backrest of ordinary wheelchairs generally chooses short or low backrest, which means that the upper edge of the backrest only reaches the 2-3 cm lower edge of the patient's scapula, and the purpose is to allow the patient's torso to have greater mobility.


Post time: Jun-03-2020
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